Despite the fact that the process of obtaining a residence permit in Germany has a number of difficulties, this task is achievable. Entrepreneurs, highly qualified specialists applying for employment in the country, as well as students, face the least difficulties in obtaining a residence permit. However, there are other categories of foreign citizens who can also count on a residence permit.
THE BASIS FOR OBTAINING THE RESIDENCE PERMIT
So, as a basis for the provision of a German residence permit may be:
- business immigration and financial independence;
- training in German educational institutions;
- the presence of German roots;
- presence of Jewish origin;
- family reunification;
Each of the above-mentioned immigration options in the Federal Republic of Germany is characterized by its own characteristics and presumes that the applicant meets certain requirements. An important point: the purchase of real estate in Germany is not a reason for granting a residence permit, but having your own real estate is an additional advantage and significantly increases the chances of obtaining a residence permit.
As a rule, regardless of the basis of immigration, the process of obtaining a residence permit begins with the preparation of a package of documents. Required documents include an application (it must be filled out in German), foreign and civil passports, photographs, a criminal record, medical insurance and proof of financial security. Also, the applicant must provide documents that confirm that he has grounds for obtaining a residence permit (labor contract, certificate of enrollment in the university, etc.).
So, let’s consider the most popular ways of obtaining German residence permit.
Business-immigration is considered the most available option for moving in the majority of European countries, including Germany. The abolition of the minimum size of investments and the requirements for the creation of jobs has significantly expanded the possibilities of potential entrepreneurs, however, it should be noted that preference is most often given to those applicants who plan to implement large business projects.
The applicant must prepare a business plan, confirm the availability of funds for its implementation and prove the positive effect of business activities for the German economy. In addition, an important factor in making a decision is that the applicant has entrepreneurial experience and appropriate education. In the course of its work, the company should not be unprofitable. In addition, a residence permit is available to financially independent persons who can confirm the presence of a certain amount in the bank account.
THE RESIDENCE PERMIT FOR REALIZING A PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY
Official employment in a German company allows you to obtain a residence permit, but you should take into account the high level of competition, both directly with local residents and with representatives of other EU countries. As a rule, specialists with high qualifications, extensive experience and often unique skills can count on working in Germany.
The best option for registration of a residence permit is the EU Blue Card. The issuance of this document is carried out by foreign citizens who are high-level professionals and have a specialty in short supply for the country. To obtain a Blue Card, you will need to provide an invitation from the employer, as well as documents confirming the presence of an appropriate education. In addition, there are requirements for wages - it should not be lower than the established level.
EDUCATION IN GERMAN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Getting an education in educational institutions in Germany is another affordable option for obtaining a residence permit. The main condition for granting a status to a foreign student is enrollment in a German educational institution and the availability of funds to ensure living in Germany. An additional advantage of this option is the possibility of additional work: in the process of learning, foreigners who have a student residence permit have the right to work. After completing the training, it is allowed to extend the residence permit to find a job in the country.
Minor children, parents and the spouse of a German residence permit holder are eligible for a residence permit. Among the main conditions are the availability of sufficient financial resources for their residence in the country, as well as the provision of housing. If a marriage with a foreign citizen who received a German residence permit was entered into after his issuance, the spouse may apply for a residence permit only after two years from the date of registration of the marriage. Also get a residence permit is possible when entering into marriage with a citizen of Germany.
Certificates confirming the existence of a relationship, marriage certificate, as well as documents that can confirm the availability of financial resources act as supporting documents for obtaining a residence permit on this basis. To move the children will need to provide a birth certificate.
THE PROCESS OF REGISTRATION OF RESIDENCE PERMIT
The first step in obtaining a residence permit is to obtain a special visa at the consulate, which will serve as the basis for a long stay in Germany (over 90 days). Attention should be paid to an important point: the applicant must initially indicate the purpose of the trip (obtaining a residence permit), since it is impossible to apply for a residence permit when visiting Germany on a tourist visa (the only exception being the granting of political asylum to a foreign citizen). As a rule, the preparation of documents is carried out at the stage of a visa. You can apply through the consulate.
Directly registration of a residence permit occurs after the applicant arrives in Germany, so at the second stage you will need to contact the registration office to enter information about the applicant's residence in a special register. In the case of a positive decision, the issuance of a residence permit is provided by a local immigration service. The period of validity of the initial residence permit is 12 months, after which it can be extended. It is important to note that the extension procedure is not a formality: the holder of a residence permit must prove the need for their further residence in the country. After five years of residence in the country, a foreigner has the right to apply for permanent residence, and after another three years - to obtain citizenship.
Thus, a residence permit in Germany is an excellent option for those who are planning to move to a developed European country with a high standard of living. Due to the presence of various reasons for issuing a residence permit, obtaining this status is available for various categories of foreign citizens. For many foreigners, obtaining a German residence permit becomes the first step towards integration into the European community and allows you to become a full-fledged citizen of a country within the European Union after a certain time.